TNRF is launching a new wildlife working group with a focus on human and wildlife conflict management. In recent years there has been increasing conflict between people and wildlife, partially caused by the rapidly expanding populations of both people and elephant among other species. For example, Tanzania's elephant population is reported to have grown from an estimated 55,000 individuals in 1990 to up to perhaps 140,000 in 2006.
A key objective of the WWG is to develop stronger partnerships between government and civil-society organisations through establishing vertical integration between human-wildlife conflict management initiatives on the ground, and the development of broad policy and programmes at the national level. The WWG also maintains strong links with the Pastoralist Livelihoods Task Force in executing joint advocacy initiatives to promote community-based wildlife governance in northern Tanzania.